Terms of Location

Anterior

Towards the front of the body

Posterior

Towards the back of the body

Ventral

Towards the front of the torso

Dorsal

Towards the back of the torso

Medial

Towards the centre, or midline of the body

Lateral

Towards the outside, or away from the midline of the body

Peripheral

Towards the outer surface of the body

Inferior

Below, or towards the bottom of the body

Superior

Above, or towards the top of the body

Proximal

Towards the centre of the body, or another structure

Distal

Away from the centre of the body, or another structure

Longitudinal

Vertically, along the body

Transverse

Horizontally, across the body

Sagittal/Median

Towards the plane that divides the left and right sides of the body

Coronal

Towards the plane that divides the front and back halves of the body

Palmer

On or towards the palm of the hand

Planter

On or towards the sole of the foot

Dorsal

On or towards the back of the hand, or top of the foot

Axillary

Towards the armpit

Caudal

Towards the buttocks

Cranial/Cephalic

Towards the head

Inguinal

Towards the groin

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